Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature (to the side) of the spine. Normally, the spine is supposed so that it is vertical, but when you have scoliosis, the spine has a rounded curvature in the upper back. When viewed from the side, the upper back shows mild roundness and there is a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back.
How Many Types of Scoliosis are There?
There are four types of scoliosis, which have varied causes. Congenital scoliosis, as the name suggests, is a congenital defect, which is to say that this type of scoliosis presents itself because of a bone abnormality at birth. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that presents itself because of abnormal muscles or nerves. This type of scoliosis is often seen in people who have spina bifida or cerebral palsy. It is also seen in people with conditions that result in or are accompanied by paralysis. Degenerative scoliosis is when you have a risk of developing degenerative scoliosis if you have had a traumatic injury resulting in bone collapse, major back surgery, or osteoporosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis and it generally presents itself in teenagers and adolescents. However, there is no known cause for idiopathic scoliosis. Nonetheless, there is strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited