Scoliosis: Understanding The Condition and Treatment Options

How Many Types of Scoliosis are There?

There are four types of scoliosis, each having various causes.

  1. Congenital Scoliosis: As the name implies, Congenital Scoliosis is caused by a congenital defect, presenting itself at birth due to an abnormal spine development in the womb.
  2. Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Presenting itself because of abnormal muscles or nerves, Neuromuscular Scoliosis is associated with neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida. This type of scoliosis is seen in individuals with conditions that result in or are accompanied by paralysis.
  3. Degenerative Scoliosis: This occurs in older adults due to wear and tear on the spine over time. Degenerative Scoliosis can also occur if you have had a traumatic intercity resulting in bone collapse, major back surgery, or osteoporosis.
  4. Idiopathic Scoliosis: This is the most common type of scoliosis in adolescents and teenagers. Although there is no known cause of Idiopathic Scoliosis, it is likely influenced by genetic factors.

Some Scoliosis Facts

  • Approximately 2% to 3% of Americans have scoliosis at the age of 16.
  • Less than 0.1% have spinal curves that measure more significant than 40 degrees, at which point surgery is considered.
  • Girls are more likely to be affected by scoliosis than boys.
  • Idiopathic scoliosis is a common condition that shows itself in adolescence, affecting children ages 10 through 16.
  • Idiopathic scoliosis might progress during the “growth spurt” years but usually does not progress during adulthood.

Scoliosis Treatments at CPO


Customized scoliosis braces have shown significant effectiveness in correcting spinal curvature among adolescents, mainly when their bones are still growing. Adolescents with 20 to 40 degrees of spinal curvature have experienced relief and correction through braces. At CPO, our specialized scoliosis braces are tailored to each patient’s needs, providing a form-fitting solution that can be comfortably worn under clothing. These braces are designed to assist children and adolescents in managing the challenges posed by spinal curvature.

Gomez Orthotic Spine System (GOSS)

At CPO, scoliosis patients benefit from the advanced Gomez Orthotic Spine System. The CPO-GOSS orthosis offers a distinctive approach to treating spine deformities by prioritizing overall spinal balance and stability. Our team of experts conducts a comprehensive evaluation of each patient’s spinal condition, including assessing the deformity and flexibility of the spine in all three planes. Based on this spinal assessment, CPO providers will use a computer-aided design (CAD) program to develop a customized 3D shape or correction for the patient’s specific needs.


At CPO, our providers most often use the CPO-GOSS system and advanced CAD technology, offering a range of brace types to suit the individual needs of our patients. These braces provide superior benefits compared to traditional scoliosis treatment methods, as they enable the evaluation of the patient on all three planes. Unlike the conventional process, which involves plaster, casting, and coronal X-Ray Blueprinting, CAD and GOSS allow for comprehensive spine correction across all three planes. This innovative approach ensures a more thorough evaluation and effective patient treatment outcomes.

Additional Scoliosis Management Treatments

Although CPO most often utilizes the CPO-GOSS methods, each of our clinicians is well-trained and experienced in other options for conservative management of scoliosis. Below are other common procedures (orthosis) used:

  • Boston Style Scoliosis Orthosis
  • Nocturnal Scoliosis TLSO (Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthosis)
  • Scoliosis Orthosis Milwaukee CTLSO (Cervico-Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral)

Clinicians at CPO offer personalized scoliosis braces tailored to the unique needs of adolescents. Our commitment goes beyond just providing braces by prioritizing the care and attention our patients deserve. We understand the challenges associated with this condition, which is why we guide our patients toward support groups that provide valuable assistance in coping with their conditions. Trust CPO to deliver the supportive and compassionate solutions our child needs to address their scoliosis concerns.

Meet Patrick Thomas

“Our spines can’t define us. No matter what degree it’s at.” -Patrick Thomas

Scoliosis is a condition that has both physical and mental impacts on patients. The challenges could be hard and stressful every day and every minute.

Listen to Patrick Thomas’s story while he discusses his experiences with CPO. He is truly a scoliosis warrior. Thank you Patrick for sharing your story and letting us be a part of your scoliosis journey.

Why Choose Comprehensive Prosthetics & Orthotics

Comprehensive Prosthetics & Orthotics (CPO) is among the largest orthotic and prosthetic service providers in the U.S. with a vast network of clinics across Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, and Missouri. Established more than a decade ago, our excellent patient care is the main reason why amputees choose CPO to aid them in their quest to restore their mobility and quality of life. Patients and healthcare professionals prefer CPO because of our extensive clinical expertise and unparalleled access to orthotics and prosthetics technologies. CPO is a premier provider of prosthetics and orthotic services and related products, utilizing:

  • Exceptional clinical knowledge
  • Sound business skills
  • Cutting-edge laboratory techniques
  • Superior patient outcomes
  • Innovative patient and referrer satisfaction
  • Optimized organizational performance
  • Maximized profitability

Request a Free Evaluation

Comprehensive Prosthetics & Orthotics medical professionals will evaluate your condition and provide the best garments for your needs. Take the first step in treating or diagnosing your spina bifida today. We are here to help you every step of the way. Schedule a consultation with a certified professional at the nearest CPO clinic today. We are in network with major insurance providers and accept most insurance plans, including Medicare and Medicaid.

    Scroll to top