Cerebral Palsy denotes a group of movement disorders that cause physical disabilities. Cerebral refers to the cerebrum which is the affected area of the brain. The word palsy means disorder of movement. While the main feature of cerebral palsy is disorder with movement; difficulties with thinking, learning, feeling, communication and behavior also occur.
Cerebral Palsy Quick Facts:
• Problems with sensation, depth perception and communication ability occur.
• It is mainly caused by damage to the brain.
• It can occur during the course of a pregnancy, at childbirth or after birth.
• Common symptoms include spasms, involuntary movements, and unsteady gait and balance problems.
• It is one of the most common congenital disorders.
• Babies born with cerebral palsy have an irregular posture.
• It occurs in 2.1 per 1000 live births.
• Speech and language disorders are common in cerebral palsy patients.
• There is a high likelihood of sleep disorders in cerebral palsy patients.
• Patients have difficulty in holding utensils, chewing and swallowing.
• The three types of Cerebral Palsy are:
a) Spastic Cerebral Palsy – Causes stiffness and movement difficulties
b) Athetoid Cerebral Palsy – Causes involuntary and uncontrolled movements
c) Ataxic Cerebral Palsy – Causes a disturbed sense of balance and depth perception
• Cerebral Palsy can be prevented by controlling diabetes, anemia, hypertension and nutritional deficiencies in an expecting mother.
• Treatment includes different kinds of cerebral therapy, medication, surgery and bracing.