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Foot Problems and How to Prevent Them

May 1, 2015

The feet are one of the most important parts of the body. We use them every day for walking, running, climbing and when we play any sports. The feet are also intrinsically tied to our health and are good indicators that something is wrong. Take for example, the neuropathy caused by diabetes. It manifests in the lower limbs first. That is not to say that there are no problems associated with the feet rather than a symptom. Problems like blisters, hyperpronation and flat-feet are common foot conditions.


Common Foot Problems:



Prevention of Foot Problems


The one positive of foot problems is that they are, for the most part, easily manageable or treatable. Here are some tips on preventing and treating foot conditions:


Wear the right shoes: Wearing shoes that are too tight and restrictive can cut off circulation to the feet and cause numbness. Restrictive shoes also make your feet sweaty and can cause infections. This can also cause blisters and ingrown toenails.


Keep your feet dry: Excessive moisture in the feet can cause athlete’s foot, a fungal infection. Choosing socks made of absorbent material like cotton and wool can prevent it.


Prevent nerve damage: Sugary foods and smoking cause a narrowing of the blood vessels, which can cause nerve damage. Nerve damage, or neuropathy is a symptom of diabetes. Reducing sugar intake and not smoking help prevent it and, regular exercise helps improve circulation and overall health.


Corns and Calluses: Corns and Calluses are thick deposits of skin caused by friction. These can be prevented by using special inserts in the shoes. They can also be treated with over-the-counter medicines but, it is better to see a doctor before beginning treatment. Treating corns and calluses can be risky in cases of diabetes or poor circulation.


Preventing Warts: Warts are growths on the skin caused by viruses. Prevent them by adopting good hygiene practices. Avoid sharing personal items like towels, socks and shoes with others. Keeping your feet dry also prevents infections.


Treating Flat Feet: Flat feet are a condition in which the entire bottom of the foot, including the arches, touches the floor. It can cause problems in the ankles and knees. Treatments for flat feet including custom shoe inserts that can help arch curvature, stretching exercises, and shoes that offer better support.


Preventing Achilles Tendonitis: Achilles Tendonitis can be prevented by maintaining a moderate activity level, along with rest. Strengthening the calf muscles also helps.


Visit our website for a list of orthotic services, visit For a list of our orthotics and treatment options for foot problems, visit our orthotics page. Contact us at 888.676.2276



July 25, 2014

Hyperpronation or painful flatfoot is a condition wherein excessive motion of the rear of the foot causes the appearance of a collapsed arch. This leads to a foot deformity and knee, hip, and back problems. Most develop lower extremity symptoms by middle age, or even earlier depending on the degree of deformity. A child with a flatfoot may get “growing pains” which are caused by abnormal activity of the leg muscles required to propel the foot during normal ambulation.

Symptoms of Hyperpronation:
• Growing pains
• Flattened arch
• Out-toe walking
• Tip-Toe walking
• Bunions and hammertoes
• Abnormal shoe wear patterns
• Poor posture
• Knee, hip, back, neck problems
• Slow runner
• Neuromas and ingrown toenails
• Painful heels or arches
• Ankle pain
• Leg pains
• Knee, hip, pelvis, back and neck pain


Arch support
Arch supports have been very successful in preventing the abnormal motion, but they do not solve the underlying cause of the deformity. The other disadvantage of arch supports is that they will limit the shoes one can wear. Additionally, when you are not wearing the supports, the deformity will not be corrected nor will you get any relief from the pain.
Subtalar arthroeresis
Subtalar arthroeresisis a very viable treatment method for the permanent correction of hyperpronation (above the age of three years). The procedure involves placing a small titanium implant which acts as an “internal orthotic” to prevent the abnormal collapse between the two bones.
Other orthoses
Orthoses such as Functional Foot Orthosis, Supramalleolar Orthosis (SMO) and Dynamic Ankle Foot Orthosis can be used to manage hyperpronation.

CPO provides a wide range of orthoses for Hyperpronation.
Visit our website or call us at 888.676.2276 for more information.