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Adapted Exercises for the Disabled

April 24, 2015


Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important for everybody, as is regular exercise. A regular exercise routine improves health, muscle control, improves circulation and prevents a majority of lifestyle diseases. This is even more important when dealing with limited mobility, either due to accidents or other disabilities.
While exercise is part of the rehabilitation process, maintaining it even after completing the recovery process is necessary. Some of the common conditions related to sedentary lifestyles are heart disease, weight gain, diabetes and neurological conditions. While exercise helps with these conditions, traditional exercise might be beyond the scope of people with limited mobility and the differently abled. Here is where adapted exercises come in. Adapted exercises are routines specially designed by fitness experts as a way for the differently abled to maintain their health and build up strength. These exercises also promote health in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other degenerative conditions as well.

Categories of Adaptive Exercises

Cardiovascular Training: These exercises improve circulation, heart health and endurance. Here are a few examples of adapted cardio exercises. Good examples of these exercises are aquatic exercises, which help increase endurance and stamina due to the resistance of water. Aquatic exercises like water aerobics are a great way for people with spinal or limb problems. Wheelchair sports also help increase endurance and strength.

Upper body and core strength is really important. Training with weights, resistance bands and medicine balls help improve strength and core fitness.

Strength Training: These exercises promote muscle building and improve balance. Upper body and core strength is really important. Training with weights, resistance bands and medicine balls help improve strength and core fitness. Stomach pumps, seated crunches and seated twists are good examples of strengthening exercises. Isometric exercises also help.

Adaptive Training with a medicine ball

Flexibility Exercises: These exercises improve balance, range of motion and reduce pain and stiffness. They also make it easier to perform certain actions with difficult ranges of motion. These exercises also prevent muscle contraction. Exercises like Yoga and Pilates can be adapted to performing them from a chair.


For any workout, there are always precautions and steps that can prevent strain, overwork or things that can negatively affect health. These are some basic precautions to take before beginning a workout.

The one thing to remember when exercising though, is to keep motivated. There might be times when you get discouraged, or face interruptions to your routine due to ill health or other reasons. It’s important to get back into the routine as soon as possible. So get out there and begin a workout that keeps you healthy!

We at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics are committed to helping our patients live a complete, healthy and fulfilling life. For Information on our products and services, visit us at or call us at 888.676.2276



Disability Does Not Mean Exclusion from Sports

April 17, 2015



Disability Sports

Disability is often seen as a limitation but like any limitation, it can be overcome. There are plenty of people who have broken the barriers placed in their way and found success and an active lifestyle. Sports, adventure and gruelling tests of endurance are all par for the course. There are many sportspersons who have remained active despite severe and debilitating injuries.


Disabled Sports (parasports or adaptive sports) have been around since as early as 1911 and over time, they evolved, to include various disabilities such as loss of senses, loss of mobility and intellectual impairment. Football, Basketball, Long Jumps and Rowing are just a few of the sports that have been adapted for the differently abled. Skydiving, mountain climbing and scuba diving that have been achieved by people with disabilities.


Here are some of the sports and adventure activities available to those with physical disabilities:


Paralympic Sports


The Paralympics was started post World War 2 due to the number of injured left behind in the aftermath. Ex-military personnel and civilians were both encouraged to participate in sports as a step in their rehabilitation programs. This program soon grew in strength and ultimately became a competitive event. Each sport is categorized based on 8 types of physical disabilities ranging from Muscle Impairment to Loss of Limbs. Vision Loss and Intellectual Disabilities are also categorized.

"David Bizet - Marathon de Paris 2014" by © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

“David Bizet – Marathon de Paris 2014″ by © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons


The Paralympics include sports like Alpine Skiing, Basketball, Cycling, Equestrian Sports and Judo, to name just a few.


Adventure Sports:


While this may be more limited in scope than an international event like the Paralympics, there are still quite a few who participate in adventure sports. Support groups and NGOs like the Wounded Warrior Project provide rehabilitation, training and opportunities for those with disabilities.


There are also those who take the initiative and continue to pursue what they love despite crippling injuries.


Hugh Herr, an American Rock climber lost both his legs to frostbite. Herr, an associate professor and MIT and Head of the Biomechatronics Research Group there, developed specialized prostheses that allow him to follow his passion as a rock climber. This is what he said when asked on his experience:

“At the beginning of that year society said I was broken. One year later I had surpassed my pre-amputation climbing abilities and done climbs no climber had ever done.


Bethany Hamilton, a surfer and shark attack survivor returned to the seas and professional surfing soon after recovering from the attack which took her left arm.


Other Sports


These are not the only sports events available for those with disabilities. There are many local, national and international organizations that encourage and provide opportunities for the disabled to embrace their inner athletes. There are Triathlon Competitions, Cross-Country Events like Running and Cycling and Swimming Competitions. The possibilities are many. There are also advanced prosthetics available for those who lead active lifestyle.

There are just a few things to keep in mind. It’s a good idea to consult your doctor and prosthetist before stepping into the world of sports. There are many things to be aware of; especially when it comes to limitations. Discuss the possibilities of overcoming them and what precautions you need to take before exploring the world of disabled sports.


To talk to an expert, or for information on our products and services, visit us at or contact us at 888.676.2276.

International Day of Persons with Disability

December 3, 2014

disable-blog-postInternational day of persons with disability is celebrated internationally on 3rd of December every year. It is promoted as an international observance day by the United Nations since 1992. The day is mainly celebrated to promote persons with disabilities and to encourage them. It acts as a platform to remove the social stigma towards them. Since 1992, it has been celebrated every year till this year with a lot of success all over the world. Disability
This day is used for holding discussions, forums and campaigns relating to disability. Communities are encouraged to organize meetings, talks, and even performances in their local areas. The activites can range from hosting a musical to a play, with disabled people being involved in these productions. The overall aim is to show non-disabled people that a person with a disability can be a vibrant member of society.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities will focus on
• Increasing the awareness and understanding of people towards the disability issues of disabled people.
• Supporting the disabled people to get their self-respect, rights, welfare and security in the society.
• Addressing all the issues of disabled person in all the aspects of life.
• Analyzing whether the rules and regulations implemented by the government organizations are working or not.
• Assisting them with proper rehabilitation, offering equal opportunities, lessening poverty and encouraging their role in the society.
• Their health, well being, education and social dignity.
Every year a theme is followed while observing this day. The theme last year was “Break Barriers, Open Doors: for an inclusive society and development for all”.
The theme this year is “Sustainable Development: The Promise of Technology”. This theme will focus on the role of technology in
- Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Responses
- Creating Enabling Working Environments
- Disability-Inclusive, Sustainable Development Goals
It is found that approximately 15% of the total population of the world are disabled people and 80% live in developing countries. People with the disabilities come under “the world’s largest minority” and faces a lot of obstructions in all the aspects of life because of the lack of proper resources and rights for them. The irony is they aren’t being considered as one in the society. But some of them might have amazing skills which never got exposed to the world. The Paralympics are a great example of how disabled people can show off their talents to the rest of the world. So, it is very necessary to celebrate this event to get people aware about the real condition of the people with disabilities.

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Cerebral Palsy

October 1, 2014

Palsy-BlogCerebral palsy is a common name used for movement problems that are caused by damage to the motor control centers of the developing brain. There are usually problems with sensation, depth perception, and communication ability. In one-third of cases, difficulty with cognition and epilepsy are found. It can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth, or after birth up to about age three. Around 2% of all cerebral palsy cases are due to a genetic cause.
Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy
• Low muscle tone
• Muscle spasms or feeling stiff
• Poor muscle control, reflexes and posture
• Delayed development
• Feeding or swallowing difficulties
• Unsteady gait
• Problems with balance
• Speech and language disorders
• Sensory impairment
• Intellectual Disability
• Seizures
Medicines such as anticonvulsants, botulinum toxin, bisphosphonates, and diazepam are used for controlling cerebral palsy symptoms.
Various forms of therapy can be used for people living with cerebral palsy. Treatment can include one or more of the following: physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, water therapy.
Surgery can be used to correct anatomical abnormalities or release tight muscles.

CPO provides a wide range of orthoses for Cerebral Palsy patients. Visit us at for more information.